What Health Promotional Is All About

Welcome to blog, today we are going to discuss about health promotional. We’ll talk about individual health, concept of individuality, concept of Homeostasis and also very physiological homeostasis

Introduction To Health Promotional

Health promotional is an important component of nursing praclice: It is a way of thinking that revolves around a philosophy of wholeness, wellness, and well- being. In the past two decades, the public has become increasingly aware of and interested in health promotional. Many people are aware of the relationship between lifestyle and illness and are developing health-promoting habits, such as getting adequate exercise, rest, and relaxation; maintain-
ing good nutrition; and controlling the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. Assessing and planning health care of the individual client is enhanced when the nurse understands the concepts of indi-viduality, holism, homeostasis, and human needs. The beliefs and values of each person and the support he or she receives come in
large part from the family and are reinforced by the community. The reverse is also true–the health of a community is affected by the beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors of the individuals in the

Concept Of Individuality

To help clients attain, maintain, or regain an optimal level of health, nurses need to understand clients as individuals. Each individual is a unique being who is different from every other human being, with a different combination of genetics, life experiences, and environmen-
tal interactions. When providing care, nurses need to focus on the client within both a total care and an individualized care context. In the total care context, the nurse considers all the principles and areas that apply when taking care of any client of that age and condition. In the indi-
vidualized care context, the nurse becomes acquainted with the client as an individual, using the total care principles that apply to this
person at this time. For example, a nurse who is advising the mother of a preschooler understands that the child’s desire to explore his orher world is a developmental stage that all preschoolers experience. However, the preschooler diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder may have an increased risk of accidents and injuries
when interacting with the environment, due to his or her impulsivity and poor self-control.

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Concept of Holism

Nurses are concerned with the individual as a whole, complete, or holistic person, not as an assembly of parts and processes. When applied in nursing, the concept ot holism emphasizes that nurses must keep the whole person in mind and strive to understand how one area of concern relates to the whole person. The nurse must also consider he relationship of the individual to the external environment and to others. For example, in helping a man who is grieving over the death
of his spouse, the nurse explores the impact of the loss on the whole person lie, on the mans appetite, rest and slep pattern, energy level.
sense of well-being, mood, usual activities, family relationships, and relationships with others). Nursing interventions are directed toward
restoring overall harmony, so they depend on the mans sense of pur- pose and meaning of his life. For additional information about holistic practices.

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Concept of Homeostasis

The concept of homeostasis was first introduced by Cannon (1939) to describe the relative constancy of the internal processes of the body, such as blood oxygen and carbon dioxide levels, blood pressure, body temperature, blood glucose, and fluid and electrolyte balance. To Cannon, the word homeostasis did not imply something stagnant, set, or immobile; it meant a condition that might vary but remained relatively constant. Cannon viewed the human being as
separate from the external environment and constantly endeavoring to maintain physiological equilibrium, or balance, through adaptation to that environment. Homeostasis, then, is the tendency of the body to maintain a state of balance or equilibrium while continually changing.


Physiological honeostasis means that the internal environment of the body is relatively stable and constant. All cells of the body requireare talively constant environment to function; thus the bodys interdal environment must be maintained within nartow limits. Homeostatic mechanisms have four main characteristics:

They are self-regulating.

They are compensatory.

They tend to be regulated by negative feedback systems.

They may require several feedback mechanisms to correct only
one physiological imbalance.

Self-regulation means that homeostatic mechanisms come into play automatically in the healthy person. However, if a person
is ill, or if an organ such as a lung is injured, the homeostatic mechanisms may not be able to respond to the stimulus as they would normally. Homeostatic mechanisms are compensatory (counterbalancing) because they tend to counteract conditions that are abnormal for the person. An example is a sudden drop in air tem-
perature. The compensatory mechanisms are that the peripheral blood vessels constrict, thereby diverting most of the blood internally, and increased muscular activity and shivering occur to create heat. Through these mechanisms the body temperature remains stable despite the cold. Homeostasis occurs within the physiological system, a set of interacting identifiable parts or components. The fundamental components of a system are matter, energy, and communication. Without any one of these, a system does not exist. The individual is a human system with matter (the body), energy (chemical or thermal), and communication (eg, the nervous system). The boundary of a system, such as the skin in the human system, is a real or imaginary line that differentiates one system from another system or a system from its environment.

Individual Health

Dimensions of individuality include the person’s total character, self-identity, and perceptions. The person’s total character encompasses
behaviors, emotional state, attitudes, values, motives, abilities, habits, and appearances. The person’s self-identity encompasses percep-
tion of self as a separate and distinct entity alone and in interactions with others. The person’s perceptions encompass the way the person interpret the environment, directly affecting how he or she thinks, feels and acts in any given situation

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